Socioeconomic Research

ATR supports clients in understanding the complexity of the social, economic, political and governance contexts in which they work.

Examples of Past Projects:

Citizen’s Charter Afghanistan Project — Conflict and Fragility Study

ATR provided in-depth analysis of the conflict and political dynamics in Citizen’s Charter locations in both rural and urban areas and examined the role of Community Development Councils in working with districts and provinces to build social cohesion at the local level. The work shed light on the contextual dynamics of local conflict and the relationship between service delivery and state legitimacy. The study featured two surveys: one of over 4,000 adults living in the relevant communities and one featuring 1,040 government service delivery providers spread across all 24 pilot districts. The surveys were supplemented by qualitative case studies to provide in-depth understanding of the political and social dynamics in the areas where the Citizen’s Charter is being implemented.

Small and Medium-Sized Enterprise (SME) Trade Finance — Market Study

ATR evaluated the demand for financial products aimed at supporting imports and exports among SMEs in Afghanistan to help the Afghan Credit Guarantee Foundation determine which trade finance products should be designed and offered to Afghan SMEs involved in international trade.

Afghan Children Read — Assessment of Barriers to Literacy

ATR supported the design and conducted the fieldwork in Nangarhar and Herat provinces for this study of Creative International’s Afghan literacy program. The study included 8 focus group discussions with teachers and caregivers and 368 interviews with caregivers who read books for their children and/or whose children read by themselves.

Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) — Policy Study

ATR conducted research on the Afghan National IDP Policy to assess the extent to which the policy addressed the needs of IDPs at the field level. The study: addressed the relevance and applicability of the policy to the Afghan context; assessed the impact of the policy’s implementation on the sustainable reintegration of IDPs in Afghanistan; identified obstacles to IDP and returnee integration and suggested possible solutions; and provided recommendations on indicators, tools and the system needed to monitor the reintegration process.

International Aid Effectiveness Commitments

ATR conducted research in order to assess: the extent to which the Afghan government and the international community met their aid effectiveness commitments from the past four international conferences on Afghanistan (Kabul 2010, Tokyo 2012, London 2014, Brussels 2016); the actual amount of aid disbursed to the Afghan government and the extent to which this fulfilled promises made by the international community; the nature and effectiveness of spending by both the Afghan government and the international community directly; the volume of aid and how it changed from 2010 to 2016.

Afghanistan Cashmere Value Chain — Feasibility Study

ATR collaborated with OXFAM and PUR Projet to design and implement a study of the long-term viability of the cashmere value chains in Herat, Balkh and Kabul. The study assessed the impact of cashmere on the livelihoods of producers and the extent to which it may improve economic opportunities for women.

Mali Justice Project — Mapping of the Informal Justice System

ATR analyzed two large-scale surveys of users and actors in the informal justice system in Mali for the USAID-funded Mali Justice Project. The analysis assessed the level of knowledge, access and usage of the informal justice system and provided recommendations to increase linkages between the formal and informal justice sectors.

Humanitarian Needs in Hard to Access Areas — Field Data Collection

ATR collected data for the Norwegian Refugee Council and UNOCHA in five under-researched provinces in Afghanistan. The purpose of the project was to analyze the differences in humanitarian needs between easy-to-access areas and hard-to-access areas. ATR conducted 50 focus group discussions, 40 bilateral interview, 20 rounds of direct observation and a baseline survey with 10,000 respondents.

Afghanistan’s Extractive Industries Sector — Conflict and Community Resilience Assessment

ATR conducted three site-specific conflict and fragility assessments for the World Bank and delivered recommendations regarding the structure and membership of grievance redress mechanisms. This encompassed the institutional arrangements, socially-inclusive outreach strategy and procedures related to various categories of grievances to be addressed. The assessments also included recommendations for mitigating conflict and enhancing community resilience and equity in sharing the benefits of natural resource extraction.